Topics Covered Under FSWP:
Are you one of the people who want to move to Canada but don’t know where to start? We are here to help you DIY style. Do it Your Own – Canada Immigration guide. Moving to Canada is a very simple and easy process with straightforward steps to follow to apply for a Canadian permanent resident visa.
What is the Federal Skilled Worker Program?
The Government of Canada has over 80 immigration programs. Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) is a federal immigration program for skilled workers from around the world to apply for PR Visa. This program allows skilled immigrants to settle in Canada as permanent residents and be a part of the Canadian labor force and help in the country’s economic development.
Introduced in 2015, the Express entry program manages the profiles of the immigrants under FSWP. It is the fastest possible way to apply for a Canada PR Visa. As it is a federal immigration program, you get the right to settle anywhere in the country except Quebec (they have their immigration requirements).
What are the six selection factors for FSWP?
- Language Skills:
Canada has two official languages – English and French. You need to be proficient in either of the two official languages to move to Canada. You can prove your proficiency by giving language tests from recognized educational institutions.
- For English – IELTS or CELPIP
- For French – TOEFL
You can get a maximum of 28 points based on what score you get in the above-mentioned examination under four abilities – Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening.
First Official Language (Maximum 24 points)
|CLB level 9 or higher||6||6||6||6|
|CLB level 8||5||5||5||5|
|CLB level 7||4||4||4||4|
|Below CLB level 7||Not eligible to apply|
|Minimum CLB level 4 in all abilities||4|
|CLB 4 or less in any of the 4 abilities||0|
|Education Qualification||Maximum Points|
|University degree or equivalent to PhD||25 Points|
|Holding a Masters Degree||23 Points|
|Holding a Double-Bachelor Degree||22 Points|
|Bachelor’s Degree||21 Points|
|3 Years Diploma Course after Higher Secondary||19 Points|
|3 Years Diploma Course after High School||15 Points|
|High School||5 Points|
- Work Experience:
|Duration of Work Experience (In years)||Maximum Points Awarded|
|6 or more years||15|
|Age (In Years)||Points Awarded|
|47 or older||0|
- Arranged Employment:
- For continuous, paid, full-time work (at minimum 30 hours/ week;
- For a profession, that is categorized under NOC skill level O, A, or B;
- You are capable to do this job;
- You must be able to become certified or licensed when in Canada;
- Your work permit is valid when you submit your application for a PR visa and get one;
- Canadian authorities issue your work permit based on a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment by Employment and Social Development Canada, in a NOC skill level O OR A OR B;
- You work for an employer named on your work permit;
- Offer is given by the same employer based on accepting you as a skilled worker;
- An international agreement; OR
- A significant benefit to Canadian interest; OR
- A federal-provincial agreement;
- Your work permit is valid when you submit your application for a PR visa and get one;
- Offer is given by the employer based on accepting you as a skilled worker;
- You are currently working for the employer indicated on your work permit;
- You have been working for the same employer for a minimum of one year continuously;
- You do not have a valid work permit at present or do not intend to work in Canada before getting your PR Visa;
- An employer has an LMIA;
- The same employer has made an LMIA approved job offer and you accept it as a skilled worker;
- You are allowed to work in Canada without a work permit or you possess a valid work permit;
- You are currently working in Canada in a job that is exempt from LMIA, but it is not governed by an international federal-provincial agreement or a significant benefit to Canadian interests;
- An employer other than the one you are currently working for:
- Has an LMIA;
- Made you a valid job offer based on this LMIA and your acceptance as a skilled worker;
|Adaptability Factors||Points Awarded|
|Candidate’s spouse or common-law partner’s language level: Minimum CLB level 4 or higher in all four abilities (Speaking, Listening, Reading, and Writing)||5|
|Candidate’s Past studies: Completed minimum of 2 years of full-time study at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada||5|
|Candidate’s spouse or common-law partner’s past studies in Canada: Spouse or common-law partner completed a minimum of 2 academic years of full-time study at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada||5|
|Applicant’s Past work in Canada: Minimum 1 year of work experience in Canada in an occupation classified under NOC skill level 0, A, or B with a valid work permit||10|
|Candidate’s spouse or common-law partner’s past work in CanadaSpouse or common-law partner did a minimum of 1 year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit||5|
|Arranged employment in Canada||5|
|Relatives in Canada: If the candidate or their spouse or common-law partner have a relative in Canada who are living in Canada as a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and 18 years old||5|
You can also use a simple tool – 67 points calculator, which helps you to know your PR Visa points by answering some simple questions.
Other than these factors, you also need to show that you’ll be able to financially support yourself or any accompanying family member in Canada. If you have a job-offer you do not need to demonstrate these proof of funds. Following table illustrates the latest settlement funds required for Canada PR Visa.
|Number of family members||Funds required (In CAD)||Approximate amount in INR|
|For each additional family members||3,560||2,07,294|
Important Links For Canada immigration
What is the minimum requirement for a Federal Skilled Worker Visa?
You need to have at least one year of continuous, full-time work experience in an occupation that is categorized under NOC skill level O, A, or B in the last 10 years.
In case you have part-time work experience, you must work more or less than 15 hours/week as long as this adds up to 1,560 hours. You can work more than one part-time job to get the hours you need to apply.Language ability:
You must get a minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 7 in all 4 abilities – Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. Your language test is valid for 2 years. It must be valid when applying for a PR visa.Education:
If you have done your education in Canada, you must have a degree, diploma, or certification from a Canadian secondary institution (high school) or post-secondary institution.
If you have completed your education outside of Canada, you need an ECA certificate.Proof of funds:
As discussed above, you have to demonstrate that you possess enough funds to support yourself and any accompanying family members.Admissibility:
You must be admissible to Canada.
How can you apply for a PR Visa through FSWP?
Canada uses the Express entry program to manage the application of skilled workers for permanent residency. Just follow below mentioned simple steps to apply for Canada PR Visa.
Step 1: Find out if you’re eligible
Check whether you can meet the minimum requirements to be eligible for the express entry program.
Step 2: Get your documents ready
Get all the required documents like your language test results, etc, to demonstrate you are eligible for the express entry program. Gathering all the documents can take time, it is advisable to collect all the required documents for a permanent resident visa.
Step 3: Submit your profile
You have to create your express entry profile and get submitted into the express entry pool. Based on your profile’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score, your profile will be ranked in the pool.
Step 4: Receive an Invitation and apply for PR
IRCC – Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada invites the highest-ranking profiles in the pool to apply for a permanent resident visa. After getting an Invitation to Apply (ITA) you’ll have 60 days to submit your application for PR Visa.
Document checklist for PR Visa
You do not need to upload your documents when creating an express entry profile, however, you may need information from the following documents:
- A travel document like a passport;
- Language test results;
- Provincial nomination (if applicable);
- Job offer (if applicable), proof of your work experience, trade certification (if applicable);
- Proof of funds;
When you get an invitation to submit your PR visa application, you’ll need to upload copies of the following documents:
- Police Clearance certificate
- Medical exams
- Proof of funds
- Marriage certificate (if married)
Also, you may need to provide additional documents. You must submit these documents only when they are included in your personalized document checklist. Your pr visa application can be refused or rejected if you do not provide these documents.
Eligible occupations for FSWP
There are a total of 347 eligible occupations under FSWP. They all are categorized under NOC skill levels:
- Skill Type O: For managerial level jobs like restaurant managers, managers in foodservice and accommodation, etc.
- Skill Level A: For professional jobs that require at least a degree like IT occupations, Legal, etc.
- Skill Level B: For technical and skilled occupations that require at least a college diploma or training like a chef, plumber, etc.
Now, because of COVID, Canada’s economy has been given a major setback. However, to help in recovery, Canada has targeted to welcome more than 1.2 million new skilled immigrants by 2023 to settle in the country as permanent residents.
Following are some of the high-demand jobs in Canada:
- IT professionals
- Chartered accountants
- Managers and other corporate professionals
- Construction senior managers
- Trade senior managers
- Employment in broadcasting
- Construction senior managers
- Financial managers
- Human resources managers
- Retail managers
- Mining engineers
- Corporate sales managers
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The NOC system is used to classify the jobs. These jobs are grouped based on the type of:
- Job duties
- Work a person does
- Job title
- The average hours of work per week
- The dates of employment
- The detailed list of employment duties and responsibilities
You can get a reference employment letter from your employer.
If you cannot get a reference employment letter from your employer, then you have to explain it to the visa officer. Provide supporting documents for your NOC code to the visa officer. These supporting documents include a letter that explains you cannot provide a reference employment letter.
NOC is used for immigration and job purposes.
- You can select your NOC for immigration purposes. Then you may consult an immigration professional to choose a correct NOC code.
- Government job boards such as job banks post their jobs using NOC code. So, you can effortlessly search for jobs using NOC codes.
If your job is skill level C or D
- you may be able to come to Canada as a provincial nominee (all skill types/levels),
- you may be able to come to Canada through the Atlantic Immigration Pilot (skill type/level 0, A, B, or C), or
- you may be able to work here for up to two years.
NOC major groups are the numbers that refer to the first two digits of a NOC code together.
Example: Major group 31 refers to an occupation in health ministry (skill type 3). It generally requires university education (skill level A). All the NOC codes of these jobs begin with 31. Such as dentists(3113), pharmacists ( 3131), nutritionists (3132) etc.
NOC minor groups are the numbers that refer to the first three digits of a NOC code. They pair within a major group.
Example: Both judges (4111) and lawyers (4112) are in a minor group 411. The first two digits belong to the major group 41.
- The NOC helps both the Canadian government and employers to choose the right candidate. The NOC system identifies the correct candidate according to the job duties.
- The NOC system provides information about each occupation. This information includes job title, description, and responsibilities related to the occupation.
- The NOC system is significantly important to the Canadian Immigration Process. You cannot apply for other programs without a NOC code.
- NOC skill level identifies the occupation and classifies them based on type and amount of training.
You should check for other NOC codes if you don’t have a NOC. Select a NOC code that will be relevant to your job.
It will take 3-4 hours to get a NOC through initial evaluation services. It will take 48 hours to get the NOC at the most.
Apply under the NOC your work experience related closest to. You will not be refused if you don’t have a license, but it is very common to have issues when the description of your duties does not match your NOC. Your best option would be to contact an immgration consultancy who will guide you correctly.